Crypto News

According to Jesse Powell Kraken – exchange rate of the US cryptocurrency, bitcoin ratios constantly fill the US reserve pool to open long positions.

In an interview with Tech, the CEO told Youtuber Ivan that the number of traders who believe that the price of bitcoin is higher is higher than that of those who think otherwise. This exciting sentiment has led most traders to borrow money from Crack to develop long positions in the bitcoin market. Often, the absence of short sellers – those who believe that the price of bitcoin will go down, is enough for liquidity. As a result, the margin pool is exhausted.

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Cryptocurrency market traders provide traders with leverage 100 times greater than their underlying cash balance. This means, for example, that an investor can only invest 100 dollars in a single trading account with his trading account. If bitcoin moves in the direction provided by long traders, this will make a multiplier of their $ 100 position. Otherwise, he loses more than $ 100 from a dollar trading account. Overall, the upside improvement potential makes traders an attractive lever.

Powell points out that no operator is in favor of lowering Bitcoin prices, which means that most of them are paid. This feeling is an indicator that the market has a greater value for cryptocurrencies than today.

bitcoin price live

However, since leveraged transactions are mainly short-term, they can not determine the long-term bias of bitcoin. The answer to this question lies in the macroeconomy: it is the deficit in US dollars.

Travis Kling, founder and chief investment officer of cryptocomputant management company Ikigai, said in September that the global liquidity crisis was underway. A former Wall Street executive spoke about the Federal Reserve Reserve Rate Program, which allowed the US central bank to access hundreds of billions of dollars overnight. He added that investors have started to shed positions in bitcoins to get as much liquidity as possible.

Ohio Keno Results Shows and Events

The Keno lottery is a state wide lottery game played all over Ohio. Millions of people in Ohio are regularly participating in the game. That is why investors have been developing a lot of ways to attract and convince consumers to join the local Keno lottery. The Ohio keno results show has been established as a regular week television event to announce the winning combinations. But the events also provide a lot of fillers and entertainment segments to catch the attention of consumers and viewers all over the state and city.

Famous celebrities and personalities are always present in the results show. Dance and song numbers are presented. In some cases, special interviews are conducted while waiting for the results to be announced. This has been effective in increasing the ticket sales of the Keno lottery. In fact, people who can present a dozen tickets would get a free sitting at the actual live set of the studio. Other promotions and offers are given for people who have bought game cards. This is a very effective and reliable marketing campaign.

The increase in income and sales has also benefited the consumers since the prices have been added bonuses based on the number of tickets sold. The weekly jackpot price would also accumulate if no winner is able to acquire a perfect 20 digit combination. At one time, the jackpot price reached several million dollars. This is a great way to add excitement and interest to consumers following the game.

The Ohio Keno Lottery results show has an airtime of one hour. The consumers should watch the show since it provides guides and tips on how to find the best combination. Prices are given for people who attained at least seven correct digits. The money of the person would be multiplied by the number of correct digits plus zero. The minimum prize which can be won would be at 1400 dollars. This is substantial considering the minimum bet would be 20 dollars. Hundreds of people win in a weekly basis which has made the game highly probable to beat. The results show also addresses the different projects, charity institutions and government agencies receiving the money earned from the lottery. This is a good way to advertise the benefits received by society from the Keno lottery. A large part of the money is diverted to help people in need. Scholars are selected to receive tuition fee support and other educational grants. The Ohio keno lottery results show has educated people on the benefits of society from state sponsored gambling and lottery.

People can acquire the results and winning combination using the cell phones and other portable computer devices. The service is ideal for businessmen and consumers who are always traveling. At a click of a button, all the results would be sent to the cell phone of the consumer. This is a very practical and reliable way to help people check if they won the lottery.

The Ohio keno results can be seen through television, internet or cell phone. The media has made the information very accessible for every body.

Lake Erie Islands Destinations – Put-In-Bay

If you ever have the chance, you must visit an island oasis which features old-fashioned ice cream shops, bicycles built for two, rolling hills with cascading grape vines, historical landmarks and some of the best lobster bisque on the planet. So where is this jewel of the landscape? Why Lake Erie, of course. Lake Erie features 20 plus separate islands but only one that can boast the name Put-in-Bay. South Bass Island, its formal name, has been a summer resort since 1864 when vacationers began frequenting the island for yachting and other social activities. The moniker is credited to sailors exploring the islands in July 1784. These sailors made charts of the islands and called one of them Pudding Bay after the old-fashioned pudding bags. It has also been called Puden Bay in similar log books from other explorers of that era.

The Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial, which can be seen from enem islands, is a tribute to Admiral Oliver Hazard Perry. This 352-foot granite monument commemorates the naval victory over the British Fleet in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812. The famous saying "We have met the enemy and they are ours" came from a note Perry scribbled on the back of an old letter to then-general William Henry Harrison. The memorial resides on a narrow strip between downtown and an island residential area where some of the homes date back to the mid-1800s.

Rent a bike or golf cart and tour the quaint downtown area where you can enjoy old-fashioned, hand-dipped ice cream, homemade fudge and unique, eclectic jewelry and artwork. For the adult set, Put-in-Bay features the Roundhouse Bar where you can catch a beer and a show most summer afternoons, all without corners. The Roundhouse dates back to 1873 and is one of the oldest buildings on the island. The Beer Barrel Saloon boasts the longest permanent bar in the world and now occupies the site of the historic Colonial which perished in flames on Memorial weekend 1988. Measuring 405 feet and 10 inches, you'll need a catcher's mitt and some time to snag the beer that slides down this bar.

If you're more of a grape enthusiast, a visit to the Heineman Winery is a must. The family-owned establishment dates back to 1888 when Gustav Heineman came to Ohio from Baden-Baden, Germany. The winery lasted through economic booms and busts, the depression and prohibition and is still run by third and fourth generation Heinemans Louis and Edward. Tastings are conducted regularly and are an education in the fine art of Ohio wine making.

For the outdoorsman, Put-in-Bay offers a first class marina opposite one of the oldest yacht clubs in the country, campgrounds in the Oak Point State Park and miles of hiking and biking trails. Venture towards Put-in-Bay harbor and catch a glimpse of Stone Laboratory on Gibraltar Island. Founded in 1895, the island campus of The Ohio State University is the oldest freshwater biological field station in the country. Here Buckeye students gain practical experience in field research with courses such as insect biology, lake sediments and aquatic biology.

When you feel the need for a good nosh, visit any one of the over 25 different restaurants for fresh Lake Erie Walleye or Perch, BBQed chicken in homemade wine-based sauce and creamy, chunk-filled lobster bisque. For family entertainment, visit Perry's Cave or Crystal Cave located across from each other on Catawba Avenue. Perry's Cave celebrates its 140th anniversary this year and is where Commodore Perry found drinking water for his men. Take a jacket; the temperature remains a constant, cool 50 degrees. Crystal Cave runs underneath Heineman's Winery and boasts the world's largest geode where you'll be surrounded by glistening celestite crystals.

At nightfall, stay in one of the historical B & Bs, or one of the newer resort hotels complete with swim-up bars or conference centers. Fly your plane during daylight hours in or out of Put-in-Bay Airport and experience panoramic views of the 3,987-mile stretch between the US and Canada, all from the comfort of your seat.

If your plans call you back to the Erie shore, hop the Miller's Ferry or the Jet Express back to one of several ports. Miller's Ferry runs a variety of schedules from March through November and has been crossing the lake since 1905 when William Miller and Harry Jones began their local ice business. The Miller boat livery has remained a trusted family business since that time changing only from the Miller family to the Market family in 1978 when these family friends bought the line from Mary Miller, daughter-in-law of co-founder William Miller. It's a slower trip but built from tradition and one that should be experienced.

If a quicker trip is in your plans, the Jet Express service is your option. The high-speed ferry travels up to 40 miles per hour and covers the 12.5 mile trip from Port Clinton in 25 minutes. Other ports of departure include Sandusky, Lorain and the Inter-island routes that include Kelley's Island.

Either way, Put-in-Bay Island is a jewel in Lake Erie which shines as bright as any island oasis you may find anywhere at anytime. Don't leave it out of your summer plans.

How to Contact Comic Book Artists and Writers

The first annual New York Comic-con brought out Milla Jovovich and was so successful, organizers almost had to shut it down. The second annual New York Comic-con was organized much better, even bringing out Steven King and Stan Lee to meet fans.

Below are some more insider tips for contacting your favorite comic book artists and writers at various comic book conventions around the country …

Meeting in Person:

Although most comic book creators, artists, and writers will tell you where to send fan mail inside their publications, the comic book industry also takes great pains to make itself available to their fan base through conventions, expos, and fan events.

The general rule of thumb is if you wait a while, a comic convention (or "comic-con") is likely to be announced in your area, and the organizers will make all sorts of promises as to who will be there (most of whom won't show up). Buy your ticket anyway, and take a few hundred bucks and a good Sharpie pen – because even if the people who show up aren't the people promised, they'll most likely be worth meeting.

Most comic conventions today go far beyond only comic books. They often feature actors, directors, television stars, set designers, comic artists, writers, and an assortment of retro names that will have you scratching your head trying to remember who they were. The show will usually charge around $ 25 for a ticket, but the attractions will last all day long, from rare film screenings to autograph sessions to bootleg comics for sale. Most conventions travel around the country so fans don't have to spend any money to travel.

What should you bring to get signed? Nothing really, unless you know someone is going to be there and you have some great piece of memorabilia sitting around relevant to that person. Usually there are plenty of items for sale at comic conventions you can purchase to have signed.

Prices at convention's vendor booths are usually not cheap, however you can pick up some really neat pieces of pop culture memorabilia if you look hard enough, and the chance to get that item signed by its creator can be something really special.

Comic book conventions and the comics themselves are a huge industry that gets bigger every year. Therefore, comic-cons are a great place to spot up and coming stars before their signatures becomes worth thousands of dollars when they really hit it big.

How do you find a comic convention I your area? It's pretty easy – just visit the Comic Book Conventions Web site. This resource list all upcoming comic-cons, usually four or five per weekend, and it also announces changes to programming, cancellation, and contact information.

The better conventions come back the same time every year, such as the Mid-Ohio-Con, which takes places in Columbus, Ohio on Thanksgiving weekend. The 2004 Mid-Ohio-Con lineup included the Soup Nazi from Seinfeld and Noel Neill, the original TV Lois Lane, as well as numerous other comic industry names.

The Vancouver Comic-Con happens once every few months, while Dragon-Con takes place each September. Every corner of the country has some sort of gathering, but even if you have to get in the car and drive a few hours to a really good-size convention near you, the money spent in doing so can be gained back when you take that authentic John Byrne sketch and put it up for auction on eBay.

The big names of the comic convention business include the following:

San Diego Comic-Con International, PO Box 128458, San Diego, CA 92112-8458, 619-491-2475

The biggest and the best, Comic-Con has become a brand name in the business. Tens of thousands of enthusiasts gather every year, some flying in from from the country to listen to panels of experts, get autographs, buy memorabilia, watch special screenings of movies, and just hang out.

Dragon * Con, PO Box 16459, Atlanta, GA 30321-0459, 770-909-0115

A solid number two, Dragon * Con takes on more of a fantasy tilt – but it's not just for Dungeons and Dragons fanatics. D * C gets bigger every year, and as the collectors grow from obsessed teenagers to well-funded adult fans, the money going through the registers keeps increasing as well.

Big Apple Comic Convention, 75-34 Metropolitan Avenue, New York, NY 11379, 201-865-3288

This one is in New York City, so of course it's big. If you live in the northeast, the Big Apple Con is the one for you.

Mid-Obio-Con, PO Box 3831, Mansfield, OH 44907, 419-526-1427

The Midwest really knows how to put on a show, and MOC always has an interesting lineup of names. It's not the biggest comic-con around, but it's got a reputation as one of the best.

Mega-Con, PO Box 1097, Safety Harbor, FL 34695, 727-796-5725

New York Comic-con, Jacob Javiz Center, 655 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, 1-888-605-6059

Sending Fan Mail:

To write your favorite comic book artist, look for his or her fan mail address printed in the comic book. Or send your letter to the comic book publisher, whose address will also appear inside the book.

Visit Contact Any Celebrity for instant access to the best mailing address, agent, manager, publicist, production company, and charitable cause for your favorite comic book artists and writers.

Live the Celebrity Life in a Classic Luxury Rental – Rent a Lincoln Continental

Do you want to drive in luxury like a star? Have you always wanted to feel rich and powerful or do you just want to be like the king and rock & roll? Then there is only one luxury car that can help you get you there, enter the classic Lincoln Continental.

The Lincoln Continental had its claim to fame as one of the most sought-after rides in the 1950's. With its $ 10,000 pricetag, it rivaled that of Rolls Royce as one of the most expensive cars in the world. Now why would the Lincoln Continental exude such an aura? Well, this was the car that chauffered the rich and the famous, back in the 1950s. Thus, it's safe to say that only the chosen few could afford it. These lot came in the persons of the Shah of Iran, Nelson Rockefeller, Frank Sinatra and Henry Kissinger, among others.

Aside from wealth, the Lincoln Continental also exhibits a certain air of "power." You see, back then, in the 1960s it was the parade limousine of then-president John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The limousine, codenamed SS-100-x, was custom-built by Hess and Eisenhart of Cincinnati, Ohio from a 1961 Lincoln convertible. Sadly, though, the Lincoln Continental was also the car that JFK was assassinated in, in 1963. But even after that tragedy, the Lincoln Continental still continued to serve the White House for many years as the official ride of the most powerful men in the United States.

The Lincoln Continental also made its memorable mark in the world of Rock and roll. No less than the "King," Elvis Presley was also known to have owned one. Sure, it's no pink Cadillac, but Elvis owned it. Elvis also chose the Lincoln Continental as one of many cars that he bought to give away as gifts.

Aside from all the rich and famous that owned it, the Lincoln Continental was also special because it has a unique design and the highest quality control that was ever seen in the automotive industry. The classic car was assembled mostly by hand and was made of top-of-the-line materials. The continental was only sold for a continuum of two years with only 3,000 units built. Because of its sticker price, which was only affordable for the rich and famous, and because of the tales of dealers that discourage potential buyers who were not deemed fit to own a Continental, this luxury car soon became a mythical fixture in the industry.

With all its historical and cultural value, the Lincoln Continental is one of the most sought out luxury cars of its time. And good news to all who want to ride it, you don't need to look hard for the car, you don't even need to buy it. Lot of luxury and classic car rentals abound. Just visit the websites and search the car you want to rent. They're all there, the models, the rates, rental policies and reservations. So start booking your reservations and start practicing that smile and that wave of the hand in the process. Because on board the Lincoln Continental you're the celebrity. See you in Las Vegas.

Charley's Grilled Subs Franchise Review

During a family vacation, Charley missed the right exit which brought him to South Philly. He sampled a Philly Cheese steak, and it was love at first bite. He couldn't forget the taste, so he brought the recipe back home to Columbus, Ohio and began testing his own improvements on the recipes on his college buddies.

Seeing his enthusiasm and motivation, his mother lent her life savings to him so that he could open the first Charley's on the Ohio State University campus. It was a 450 square foot, 16 seat restaurant featuring Philly Steak Subs, Gourmet Fries and Natural Lemonade. It was a hit!

1991 marked the beginning of Charley's franchising. Then kiosks began sprouting all over the world form malls to Army & Air Force Bases. This award-winning taste of Charley's Grilled Subs can now be enjoyed in hundreds of locations, from Ohio to Hawaii from Alaska to Japan and elsewhere.

Opening a franchise is a wonderful opportunity and the know a franchisees passion. It's the same one that brought success to Charley's. From that first restaurant in Columbus, Ohio it has grown into a network that spans the globe. They have built a base of knowledge, experience and resources over 23 years and they wish to extend this to their franchise partners. From location selection to day-to-day marketing activities, they'll do everything they can to make your business a success.

To be a franchisee, you have to submit an application. For your convenience, you can log-in to their site and fill up a form. If you want to submit a paper version of the application, you can request a Franchise Information Packet that you'll see on the website.

Once your application has been reviewed and approved, you'll get a copy of our Franchise Disclosure Document (FDD). This document contains highly pertinent information regarding Charley's background and their franchise business program, which you need to sign. After your application has been processed, the Director of New Business Development for your place will arrange a personal meeting with you. This meeting will not only provide you with the opportunity to have your questions answered, but also aid us in deciding whether you qualify for approval as a franchisee.

After an endorsement from the Director, you will be invited to visit our corporate office in Columbus, Ohio. During this visit you will participate in a two day program where you will receive a more in-depth introduction to the company. At last the franchise agreement is signed franchisee fee is submitted.

One time cost of franchise is $ 24,500 and you need liquid assets ranging from $ 75,000 – $ 100,000. To get the advantage of third-party lending source for financing you need a minimum of a 700 credit score. Royalties are 6% of gross sales. National advertising is 0.25% of gross sales. Franchisees are required to spend 3% of gross sales locally promoting their restaurant.

When looking to start any business it is important, especially considering today's market, that you look for specific ways to cut minimize or reduce overhead and risk. Any business is going to have risk, but it is important to have a full understanding of the amount of investment, startup cost and "ROI" (Return on Investment).

Most people are not aware that 80% of ALL franchise endeavors fail in the first two to five years leaving large debts looming for years thereafter.

One way and in my opinion the best way to cut overhead, startup and investment cost is to take advantage of the new age of entrepreneurship and start a business from the comfort of your home. Opportunities have emerged in the online market that are creating millionaires every single day. Learn more about the exciting opportunities tied to a business model that begins profitable by visiting: http://whatsbetterthanafranchise.com .

Benefits, Limitations and Uses of Roller Compacted Concrete – RCC

Paving contractors, road builders and even government agencies are turning to Roller Compacted Concrete as the pavement of choice in larger numbers as the acceptance of Roller Compacted Concrete, also known as RCC, grows across the United States. RCC offers unique qualities different from traditional concrete or asphalt that make the pavement an economical, fast-construction candidate for many applications previously reserved for asphalt or conventional concrete.

RCC has been traditionally been used for surfaces carrying heavy loads at low speeds because of its relative coarse texture, but in recent years RCC has been selected as the pavement of choice for a greater number of commercial and industrial applications. Cities such as Columbus Ohio have started using Roller Compacted Concrete for residential streets, and Atlanta Georgia has used RCC for interstate shoulder construction. RCC is primarily used in the construction of industrial and commercial parking areas and low traffic road surfaces.

Typical applications of RCC include:

  • Industrial access roads and parking areas
  • Shipping yards and ports
  • Truck and freight terminals and distribution centers
  • Bulk commodity storage and compost areas
  • Aircraft parking areas
  • Urban, rural and park roadways
  • Large commercial parking lots
  • Temporary travel lanes

RCC is also being used in pavement systems for higher traffic speeds serving as base for traditional concrete or the lower lift in a two lift paving operation.

There are many benefits to the use of roller compacted concrete, but the main factor is the RCC can be constructed faster and cheaper than traditional concrete and multiple lift asphalt pavements. RCC can be constructed fast because it is typically placed with asphalt type paver equipped with a standard or high density screed, then compacted with rollers. Unlike conventional concrete the use of forms, dowels, reinforcing steel and vibration are not used. Additionally transverse joints are not required, however when project specifies they must be present the joints are spaced farther apart than conventional concrete.

The cost savings associated with RCC is attributed not only to the ease of construction, but the material also uses less Portland Cement the most expensive ingredient in conventional concrete. The specific savings associated with the use of roller compacted concrete is dependent on the complexity of the construction, size of the project and specified mix design.

Additional benefits of RCC – Roller Compacted Concrete

  • Durability and resistance to chemical attack
  • High freeze-thaw durability even without the use of air entrainment
  • High strength capable of supporting heavy repetitive loads without failure
  • Reduced cracking and shrinking
  • Rigid surface eliminating rutting except in areas of heavy tire chain or studded tire use
  • Resists abrasion even under heavy traffic loads and volume
  • Light colored surface reduces the required lighting for parking and storage areas
  • Light vehicles and cars can travel on RCC soon after completion

While the benefits of RCC are numerous it is important to understand there are also some limitations to the use of roller compacted concrete. For example the production of large quantities of RCC requires specialized equipment. While a transit mix truck can mix RCC the mixing time is significantly longer than conventional concrete and the amount of RCC than can be mixed in the truck is reduced because the dryness of the RCC mix. Also the surface of RCC may not be suitable for high speed traffic without diamond grinding.

Other limitations of RCC

  • Adjacent slabs and multiple horizontal lifts must be place within an hour to ensure good bonding unless a cold joint is planned
  • Pavement edges are more difficult to compact causing most specification to require 96% modified proctor density on cold joints
  • Admixture usage on RCC may be higher than traditional concrete because of the dryness of the material
  • RCC paving in hot weather requires extra attention to reduce the possibility of water loss and evaporation

When considering the versatility of RCC, its ease of application in comparison to conventional concrete and its durability as compared to asphalt it becomes clear the roller compacted concrete is a suitable paving substitute. When considering the rising cost of oil and petroleum based products such as asphalt it becomes clear that RCC is likely the paving material of the future.

Custer's 7th Cavalry Leaves a Mark at Initial Rock

On May 17th, 1876, Lt. Col. George Custer's 7th Cavalry left Fort Abraham Lincoln on their way to Little Big Horn. Ten days later, they entered the badlands of North Dakota, a distance of approximately 126 miles. Once entering the badlands, they followed the difficult Davis Creek trail, requiring the troops to build bridges and improve the trail to allow the passage of their supply wagons.

As the engineers made agonizingly slow progress on a nearby bridge, Companies K and M were assigned rear guard duty to protect the bridge builders from potential Indian attacks. The only hostile forces the troops on watch encountered that hot and humid Sunday were fearless rattlesnakes and relentless mosquitoes. Privates Frank Neely and William C. Williams stood watch at the base of a nearby hill. To pass the time and overcome boredom, the two privates carved their names into the soft sandstone.

Frank Neely was born in 1850 in Collinsville, Ohio and enlisted in the 7th Calvary on April 8, 1871. Before enlisting, Neely was a painter and an avid hunter. William C. Williams, born March 28, 1856, Wheeling, West Virginia and enlisted on September 27, 1873. Before joining the Cavalry, Williams was a farmer.

Both Privates survived the Battle of Little Big Horn. Neely spent approximately 12 years in the Cavalry. His last tour of duty was in Arizona, where it was purported that he accidentally killed a man. It is believed that Neely was so distraught over the accident that he went hunting and never returned. Williams was wounded in the battle and was later discharged in 1878 as a Sergeant. He went on to become a druggist in Norfolk, Virginia. He died at the age of 63 on May 22, 1919.

Today, their carvings can be seen at the Initial Rock Interpretive Site located south of Fryburg, ND. To visit the site, follow highway I-94 to the Fryburg I-34 exit. Proceed down Main Street through town until it ends at Sully Creek Road. Take a right onto Sully Creek Road. Take the first left onto 136thAvenue. Follow 136thAvenue to Easy Hill. At Easy Hill, turn right onto 762 (look for a small brown and white State Park maker "I-762.") Proceed down 762 to 740. Turn right onto 740 and follow for approximately 2 1/2; miles to the Initial Rock Interpretive Site.

The site is not visible from main roads and the only amenity is a Male / Female shared restroom (beware of spiders). Initial Rock is located in the National Grasslands and visitors are reminded to stay on marked roads and trails. There are remnants of wagon wheel ruts throughout the Grasslands and unauthorized off road travel may potentially destroy these pieces of history.

Bee Positive – The Backyard Bee Keepers of Port Clinton, Ohio

When we think of bees, we generally think of flowers, honey, dandelions, clover and numerous other images which connect us to nature. Our connection to earth through bees is not only a comforting bond, but a necessary one; one that has seen threats in recent times from man as well as the unexplained. But in a corner of the world, at the shores of Lake Erie, a bee phenomenon has parts of the community breaking out in, well, hives.

We’ve all heard the buzz about Colony Collapse Disorder or (CCD), the phenomenon of worker bees abruptly disappearing from a hive leaving the honey and the immature bees to perish. Throughout the history of agriculture, hive reductions have occurred but have not been significant enough to name until 2006 when a drastic decrease gave rise to the new term. The agricultural significance of bees should not be underestimated. Bees are integral to the ecosystem in the way they interact and connect with the parts therein. Over one-third of our food supply relies on the pollination services of bees and is essential for the reproduction of the plants the bees service.

Imagine a world without blueberries, avocados, almonds, sunflowers, cranberries or, the summertime favorite, watermelon. Without the honey bee, many of our staple foods would be in jeopardy. Without the bee, we also would not have the direct byproduct: honey. Raw honey is anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal. Our history, without the bee, would have a much different look. Civil War gunshot wounds were filled with honey as a way to heal and fight infection. In medieval times before the invention of gunpowder, bees were inserted into clay balls and used as projectiles during wartime.

In more recent times, the Cleveland Clinic has been reported as giving its post-op patients toast with honey, rather than jelly, as a post-operative recuperative agent. Hotels which have taken to growing their own herbs and flowers have added bee hives to their culinary repertoire for pastries, soups, salad dressings and more. The end byproduct of the honey bee, beeswax, has been used for candles for the Catholic Church for centuries. Being seen as a sacred product, beeswax was once a requirement for all candles used in the services. Ancient Egyptians used beeswax to make death masks, form statues of gods for the graves and to embalm their loved ones.

But one of the most recent steps in the protection of the honey bee came from a most logical but surprising place: the Haagen-Dazs Corporation. In 2008, the company gave The University of California at Davis, $100,000 to address the bee population decline and support research on sustainable pollination. More recently, Haagen-Dazs partnered again with UC Davis to raise awareness of the plight of the honey bee with its plans for Honey Bee Haven. This set of interconnected gardens, “Pollinator Patch”, “Nectar Nook” and “Honeycomb Hideout”, provides a year-round source of food for bees. Honey Bee Haven is located on a half-acre of the UC Davis campus at the Honey Bee Research Facility on Bee Biology Road. Once again, imagine a world without ice cream, including Haagen-Dazs.

But corporations such as these are not the only entities involved in combating CCD. Backyard bee keepers are cropping up, or pollinating, across the country, accompanied by associations to assist the “new-bees” in their endeavors. These organizations act as a resource for amateur bee keepers stung with the desire to “bee” involved. They provide forums to share ideas and information to increase public awareness of the benefits of natural honey and hive products. The Galvin-Gillman family of Port Clinton, Ohio exemplifies the concept of the amateur bee keepers of America on the shores of Lake Erie. This family stumbled, or bumbled, onto the hobby-turned-business during the summer when a bee-saving opportunity landed their way.

As with many entrepreneurial first-time bee keepers, they’ve had their share of hits and misses in the hives, and grown accustomed to the “fly-bys” of the bees returning to the hive after a busy day of pollinating. The Galvin-Gillman’s have also geared up; it’s imperative to dress appropriately when dealing with hive occupants. For headgear, a hat with a wire veil to protect the head and neck is essential. Wearing light-colored overalls is recommended as dark clothes irritate the bees making them more likely to sting since they may look on the Galvin-Gillman’s as predators such as skunk or bear. Bees like to go for hands and feet so loose fitting gloves and sturdy boots are important. For extra protection, they tuck in their shirt cuffs and pant legs to prevent bees from entering.

They’ve also learned more than they ever thought about the bee civilization. There are three types of bees active in the hive: the queen of the hive is the center of the bee’s universe and acts as the mother of them all. Each hive has one queen with the sole job of laying eggs to ensure the population of the hive. Much like many American households, the hive requires a healthy, happy queen for continued existence.

In addition to the queen, there are worker bees and drones. The thousands of female worker bees which inhabit the hive have every responsibility except laying eggs and mating. Most species of worker bees lack the reproductive capability of the queen and instead deposit wax to build the comb, keep the hive clean and safe, feed the larva, drones and the queen, gather the necessary nutrients for the hive and keep the temperature uniform in the developing brood area. To cool the hive, they deposit water then fan it around with their wings and to heat the hive, they gather together to generate body heat.

The drones of the hive have limited functions, the main one being to mate with the queen. Drones have a different body style than worker bees, including larger eyes, bodies and stouter abdomens. Since the mating with the queen occurs in flight, the larger eyes are a benefit to the drones. Lesser benefits of being a drone are the fact that after copulation, the drone dies due to the necessary parts tearing from the body at intercourse and, in areas of severe weather, they are driven out of the hive in autumn. The other function of the drone is to assist the worker bee in the hive’s temperature control. Thus two very important functions for a bee whose life span is only 90 days.

The Galvin-Gillman’s were first introduced to bee keeping when a hive was discovered not far from them in the trunk of a felled tree. Transporting the hive was tricky, treacherous and unsuccessful but left them with the desire to continue learning the intricacies of the process. They started anew and have now grown to four successful hives with more planned for the upcoming summer season. It has also given them an appreciation for the parts and parcels of the bee keeping adventure. A big favorite of the family is bee pollen, described by Beth Gillman as “the complete food”. Bee pollen has an earthy, rich flavor and has been suggested to have “all the nutrients needed by the human body to sustain life”. Its benefits include a boost to the immune system, the ability to build allergen resistance, stress reduction and the increase of energy and endurance.

A sweet, chewy snack they enjoy is bee propolis, which is used like glue in hive production and has several suggested health benefits. It has been seen to have antibiotic and antiseptic properties and possible anti-viral and anti-inflammatory uses. Bee wary, however; people who react to bee stings may react to propolis in the same fashion.

Another benefit the Galvin-Gillman family has seen in bee keeping is the propagation of buying local. In her local broadcast on WPCR, All Around the Town, Chris Galvin has featured local products, businesses and people. From the coffee shop to the deli and everything in-between, Chris has featured many local businesses including Generous Gems, Beth’s web-based jewelry business featuring every type of jewelry imaginable. Children’s jewelry, bridal, licensed, religious and awareness jewelry such as pieces for breast and ovarian cancer and autism can be found at the click of a button.

Chris has also featured http://beekeepersalive.yolasite.com and http://builtbylove.com, the sites for the family bee business. Even though the bees are ending their summer run and beginning the rebirth for a new season, the Galvin-Gillman family are not being idle. Brian Gillman is acting the worker bee himself, planning, plotting and prospecting new hives in time to be ready for the summer. Chris and Beth are working feverishly on product design and marketing. Though the Port Clinton honey was a new venture, the available honey they merchandised sold out in a week. So for the time being, they’ll work hard and drone on in behind-the-scenes fashion till summer starts and they all find themselves busy as busy bees.

Native American Names of Places in the United States

There are many places including towns and states that were named after Native American words or names. In fact, about 50% of the states were named using Native American words. Many of these places have names that we almost take for granted these days and most people are unaware of their Native American aboriginal origins.

A partial list of some well known places in the United States and their Native American meanings are below.

Alabama: from Choctaw word meaning "thicket clearers" or "vegetation gatherers"

Alaska: from Aleut word meaning "great land" or "that which the sea breaks against"

Chicago: from Algonquian word meaning "garlic field"

Illinois: from Algonquian word meaning "tribe of superior men"

Kansas: from Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"

Kentucky: from an Iroquois word meaning "land of tomorrow"

Massachusetts: from Massachusett word meaning "at or about the great hill"

Minnesota: from Dakota word meaning "sky tinted water"

Manhattan: from Algonquian word meaning "isolated thing in water"

Milwaukee: from Algonquian word meaning "good spot or place"

Missouri: from Missouri word meaning "town of large canoes"

Nebraska: from Oto word meaning "flat water"

North / South Dakota: from Sioux word meaning "allies"

Ohio: from Algonquian word meaning "great river"

Oklahoma: from two Choctaw words meaning "red people"

Saratoga: from Mohawk word meaning "springs of water from the hillside"

Tahoe: from Washo word meaning "big water"

Utah: from Ute word meaning "people of the mountains"

Wyoming: from Delaware word meaning "mountains and valleys alternating"

Of course, there are many other examples. So next time you look at a name of a city, town, village, state, lake, mountain or region, it just might have come from a Native American word.

Hillforest Mansion – Aurora Indiana

Sitting on 10 acres of land high on a hill overlooking the Ohio River, Hillforest Mansion strikes an impressive scene. Just as impressive is it’s colorful past. Listed on The National Register of Historic Places, in 1992 it was bestowed the honor of being designated a National Historic Landmark thus placing it on the same level of prominence as Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello.

Designed in 1853 by Isaiah Rogers, an architect known as the “father of the modern hotel”, it was designed for Thomas Gaff and his family who occupied it from 1855 until 1891.

Shipping and riverboats were significant elements of the Gaff business enterprises and are reflected in the architecture of the home.

Although based on the Italian Renaissance architectural style, the two-story home’s design reflected Gaff’s involvement in the shipping industry with its full-width front porch being reminiscent of a steamboat’s deck. Among it’s many features include Ventian Glass Windows,elaborate plaster mouldings, a museum room, and an underground wine cellar.

The suspended staircase was patterned after those at the ends of the Grand Salon on the more elaborate riverboats of the time.Reportedly, the Gaff children once rode a pony up these stairs and out the rear door.

Thomas Gaff was born in Scotland in July of 1808. After coming to the United States, he learned paper making and the distillery business. Along with his brother James they became involved in many other businesses,including a jewelry store, A Nevada silver mine, farming, turnpike and canal construction, machine works, and a mill in Columbus Indiana which produced the world’s first ready made cereal.

Needing to transport their brewery and distillery products, they also owned a fleet of steamboats. During the Civil War they supplied the Union Army the steamboats, whence one of them the Forest Queen became the headquarters for Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman and successfully rammed the Vicksburg blockade.

In their spare time, the brothers were involved in many civic affairs, helped organize the local school system , established the First National Bank of Aurora and served on the city council.

Today Hillforest is a non-profit museum and is open to the public.