Benefits, Limitations and Uses of Roller Compacted Concrete – RCC

Paving contractors, road builders and even government agencies are turning to Roller Compacted Concrete as the pavement of choice in larger numbers as the acceptance of Roller Compacted Concrete, also known as RCC, grows across the United States. RCC offers unique qualities different from traditional concrete or asphalt that make the pavement an economical, fast-construction candidate for many applications previously reserved for asphalt or conventional concrete.

RCC has been traditionally been used for surfaces carrying heavy loads at low speeds because of its relative coarse texture, but in recent years RCC has been selected as the pavement of choice for a greater number of commercial and industrial applications. Cities such as Columbus Ohio have started using Roller Compacted Concrete for residential streets, and Atlanta Georgia has used RCC for interstate shoulder construction. RCC is primarily used in the construction of industrial and commercial parking areas and low traffic road surfaces.

Typical applications of RCC include:

  • Industrial access roads and parking areas
  • Shipping yards and ports
  • Truck and freight terminals and distribution centers
  • Bulk commodity storage and compost areas
  • Aircraft parking areas
  • Urban, rural and park roadways
  • Large commercial parking lots
  • Temporary travel lanes

RCC is also being used in pavement systems for higher traffic speeds serving as base for traditional concrete or the lower lift in a two lift paving operation.

There are many benefits to the use of roller compacted concrete, but the main factor is the RCC can be constructed faster and cheaper than traditional concrete and multiple lift asphalt pavements. RCC can be constructed fast because it is typically placed with asphalt type paver equipped with a standard or high density screed, then compacted with rollers. Unlike conventional concrete the use of forms, dowels, reinforcing steel and vibration are not used. Additionally transverse joints are not required, however when project specifies they must be present the joints are spaced farther apart than conventional concrete.

The cost savings associated with RCC is attributed not only to the ease of construction, but the material also uses less Portland Cement the most expensive ingredient in conventional concrete. The specific savings associated with the use of roller compacted concrete is dependent on the complexity of the construction, size of the project and specified mix design.

Additional benefits of RCC – Roller Compacted Concrete

  • Durability and resistance to chemical attack
  • High freeze-thaw durability even without the use of air entrainment
  • High strength capable of supporting heavy repetitive loads without failure
  • Reduced cracking and shrinking
  • Rigid surface eliminating rutting except in areas of heavy tire chain or studded tire use
  • Resists abrasion even under heavy traffic loads and volume
  • Light colored surface reduces the required lighting for parking and storage areas
  • Light vehicles and cars can travel on RCC soon after completion

While the benefits of RCC are numerous it is important to understand there are also some limitations to the use of roller compacted concrete. For example the production of large quantities of RCC requires specialized equipment. While a transit mix truck can mix RCC the mixing time is significantly longer than conventional concrete and the amount of RCC than can be mixed in the truck is reduced because the dryness of the RCC mix. Also the surface of RCC may not be suitable for high speed traffic without diamond grinding.

Other limitations of RCC

  • Adjacent slabs and multiple horizontal lifts must be place within an hour to ensure good bonding unless a cold joint is planned
  • Pavement edges are more difficult to compact causing most specification to require 96% modified proctor density on cold joints
  • Admixture usage on RCC may be higher than traditional concrete because of the dryness of the material
  • RCC paving in hot weather requires extra attention to reduce the possibility of water loss and evaporation

When considering the versatility of RCC, its ease of application in comparison to conventional concrete and its durability as compared to asphalt it becomes clear the roller compacted concrete is a suitable paving substitute. When considering the rising cost of oil and petroleum based products such as asphalt it becomes clear that RCC is likely the paving material of the future.

Custer's 7th Cavalry Leaves a Mark at Initial Rock

On May 17th, 1876, Lt. Col. George Custer's 7th Cavalry left Fort Abraham Lincoln on their way to Little Big Horn. Ten days later, they entered the badlands of North Dakota, a distance of approximately 126 miles. Once entering the badlands, they followed the difficult Davis Creek trail, requiring the troops to build bridges and improve the trail to allow the passage of their supply wagons.

As the engineers made agonizingly slow progress on a nearby bridge, Companies K and M were assigned rear guard duty to protect the bridge builders from potential Indian attacks. The only hostile forces the troops on watch encountered that hot and humid Sunday were fearless rattlesnakes and relentless mosquitoes. Privates Frank Neely and William C. Williams stood watch at the base of a nearby hill. To pass the time and overcome boredom, the two privates carved their names into the soft sandstone.

Frank Neely was born in 1850 in Collinsville, Ohio and enlisted in the 7th Calvary on April 8, 1871. Before enlisting, Neely was a painter and an avid hunter. William C. Williams, born March 28, 1856, Wheeling, West Virginia and enlisted on September 27, 1873. Before joining the Cavalry, Williams was a farmer.

Both Privates survived the Battle of Little Big Horn. Neely spent approximately 12 years in the Cavalry. His last tour of duty was in Arizona, where it was purported that he accidentally killed a man. It is believed that Neely was so distraught over the accident that he went hunting and never returned. Williams was wounded in the battle and was later discharged in 1878 as a Sergeant. He went on to become a druggist in Norfolk, Virginia. He died at the age of 63 on May 22, 1919.

Today, their carvings can be seen at the Initial Rock Interpretive Site located south of Fryburg, ND. To visit the site, follow highway I-94 to the Fryburg I-34 exit. Proceed down Main Street through town until it ends at Sully Creek Road. Take a right onto Sully Creek Road. Take the first left onto 136thAvenue. Follow 136thAvenue to Easy Hill. At Easy Hill, turn right onto 762 (look for a small brown and white State Park maker "I-762.") Proceed down 762 to 740. Turn right onto 740 and follow for approximately 2 1/2; miles to the Initial Rock Interpretive Site.

The site is not visible from main roads and the only amenity is a Male / Female shared restroom (beware of spiders). Initial Rock is located in the National Grasslands and visitors are reminded to stay on marked roads and trails. There are remnants of wagon wheel ruts throughout the Grasslands and unauthorized off road travel may potentially destroy these pieces of history.

Bee Positive – The Backyard Bee Keepers of Port Clinton, Ohio

When we think of bees, we generally think of flowers, honey, dandelions, clover and numerous other images which connect us to nature. Our connection to earth through bees is not only a comforting bond, but a necessary one; one that has seen threats in recent times from man as well as the unexplained. But in a corner of the world, at the shores of Lake Erie, a bee phenomenon has parts of the community breaking out in, well, hives.

We’ve all heard the buzz about Colony Collapse Disorder or (CCD), the phenomenon of worker bees abruptly disappearing from a hive leaving the honey and the immature bees to perish. Throughout the history of agriculture, hive reductions have occurred but have not been significant enough to name until 2006 when a drastic decrease gave rise to the new term. The agricultural significance of bees should not be underestimated. Bees are integral to the ecosystem in the way they interact and connect with the parts therein. Over one-third of our food supply relies on the pollination services of bees and is essential for the reproduction of the plants the bees service.

Imagine a world without blueberries, avocados, almonds, sunflowers, cranberries or, the summertime favorite, watermelon. Without the honey bee, many of our staple foods would be in jeopardy. Without the bee, we also would not have the direct byproduct: honey. Raw honey is anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-fungal. Our history, without the bee, would have a much different look. Civil War gunshot wounds were filled with honey as a way to heal and fight infection. In medieval times before the invention of gunpowder, bees were inserted into clay balls and used as projectiles during wartime.

In more recent times, the Cleveland Clinic has been reported as giving its post-op patients toast with honey, rather than jelly, as a post-operative recuperative agent. Hotels which have taken to growing their own herbs and flowers have added bee hives to their culinary repertoire for pastries, soups, salad dressings and more. The end byproduct of the honey bee, beeswax, has been used for candles for the Catholic Church for centuries. Being seen as a sacred product, beeswax was once a requirement for all candles used in the services. Ancient Egyptians used beeswax to make death masks, form statues of gods for the graves and to embalm their loved ones.

But one of the most recent steps in the protection of the honey bee came from a most logical but surprising place: the Haagen-Dazs Corporation. In 2008, the company gave The University of California at Davis, $100,000 to address the bee population decline and support research on sustainable pollination. More recently, Haagen-Dazs partnered again with UC Davis to raise awareness of the plight of the honey bee with its plans for Honey Bee Haven. This set of interconnected gardens, “Pollinator Patch”, “Nectar Nook” and “Honeycomb Hideout”, provides a year-round source of food for bees. Honey Bee Haven is located on a half-acre of the UC Davis campus at the Honey Bee Research Facility on Bee Biology Road. Once again, imagine a world without ice cream, including Haagen-Dazs.

But corporations such as these are not the only entities involved in combating CCD. Backyard bee keepers are cropping up, or pollinating, across the country, accompanied by associations to assist the “new-bees” in their endeavors. These organizations act as a resource for amateur bee keepers stung with the desire to “bee” involved. They provide forums to share ideas and information to increase public awareness of the benefits of natural honey and hive products. The Galvin-Gillman family of Port Clinton, Ohio exemplifies the concept of the amateur bee keepers of America on the shores of Lake Erie. This family stumbled, or bumbled, onto the hobby-turned-business during the summer when a bee-saving opportunity landed their way.

As with many entrepreneurial first-time bee keepers, they’ve had their share of hits and misses in the hives, and grown accustomed to the “fly-bys” of the bees returning to the hive after a busy day of pollinating. The Galvin-Gillman’s have also geared up; it’s imperative to dress appropriately when dealing with hive occupants. For headgear, a hat with a wire veil to protect the head and neck is essential. Wearing light-colored overalls is recommended as dark clothes irritate the bees making them more likely to sting since they may look on the Galvin-Gillman’s as predators such as skunk or bear. Bees like to go for hands and feet so loose fitting gloves and sturdy boots are important. For extra protection, they tuck in their shirt cuffs and pant legs to prevent bees from entering.

They’ve also learned more than they ever thought about the bee civilization. There are three types of bees active in the hive: the queen of the hive is the center of the bee’s universe and acts as the mother of them all. Each hive has one queen with the sole job of laying eggs to ensure the population of the hive. Much like many American households, the hive requires a healthy, happy queen for continued existence.

In addition to the queen, there are worker bees and drones. The thousands of female worker bees which inhabit the hive have every responsibility except laying eggs and mating. Most species of worker bees lack the reproductive capability of the queen and instead deposit wax to build the comb, keep the hive clean and safe, feed the larva, drones and the queen, gather the necessary nutrients for the hive and keep the temperature uniform in the developing brood area. To cool the hive, they deposit water then fan it around with their wings and to heat the hive, they gather together to generate body heat.

The drones of the hive have limited functions, the main one being to mate with the queen. Drones have a different body style than worker bees, including larger eyes, bodies and stouter abdomens. Since the mating with the queen occurs in flight, the larger eyes are a benefit to the drones. Lesser benefits of being a drone are the fact that after copulation, the drone dies due to the necessary parts tearing from the body at intercourse and, in areas of severe weather, they are driven out of the hive in autumn. The other function of the drone is to assist the worker bee in the hive’s temperature control. Thus two very important functions for a bee whose life span is only 90 days.

The Galvin-Gillman’s were first introduced to bee keeping when a hive was discovered not far from them in the trunk of a felled tree. Transporting the hive was tricky, treacherous and unsuccessful but left them with the desire to continue learning the intricacies of the process. They started anew and have now grown to four successful hives with more planned for the upcoming summer season. It has also given them an appreciation for the parts and parcels of the bee keeping adventure. A big favorite of the family is bee pollen, described by Beth Gillman as “the complete food”. Bee pollen has an earthy, rich flavor and has been suggested to have “all the nutrients needed by the human body to sustain life”. Its benefits include a boost to the immune system, the ability to build allergen resistance, stress reduction and the increase of energy and endurance.

A sweet, chewy snack they enjoy is bee propolis, which is used like glue in hive production and has several suggested health benefits. It has been seen to have antibiotic and antiseptic properties and possible anti-viral and anti-inflammatory uses. Bee wary, however; people who react to bee stings may react to propolis in the same fashion.

Another benefit the Galvin-Gillman family has seen in bee keeping is the propagation of buying local. In her local broadcast on WPCR, All Around the Town, Chris Galvin has featured local products, businesses and people. From the coffee shop to the deli and everything in-between, Chris has featured many local businesses including Generous Gems, Beth’s web-based jewelry business featuring every type of jewelry imaginable. Children’s jewelry, bridal, licensed, religious and awareness jewelry such as pieces for breast and ovarian cancer and autism can be found at the click of a button.

Chris has also featured http://beekeepersalive.yolasite.com and http://builtbylove.com, the sites for the family bee business. Even though the bees are ending their summer run and beginning the rebirth for a new season, the Galvin-Gillman family are not being idle. Brian Gillman is acting the worker bee himself, planning, plotting and prospecting new hives in time to be ready for the summer. Chris and Beth are working feverishly on product design and marketing. Though the Port Clinton honey was a new venture, the available honey they merchandised sold out in a week. So for the time being, they’ll work hard and drone on in behind-the-scenes fashion till summer starts and they all find themselves busy as busy bees.

Native American Names of Places in the United States

There are many places including towns and states that were named after Native American words or names. In fact, about 50% of the states were named using Native American words. Many of these places have names that we almost take for granted these days and most people are unaware of their Native American aboriginal origins.

A partial list of some well known places in the United States and their Native American meanings are below.

Alabama: from Choctaw word meaning "thicket clearers" or "vegetation gatherers"

Alaska: from Aleut word meaning "great land" or "that which the sea breaks against"

Chicago: from Algonquian word meaning "garlic field"

Illinois: from Algonquian word meaning "tribe of superior men"

Kansas: from Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"

Kentucky: from an Iroquois word meaning "land of tomorrow"

Massachusetts: from Massachusett word meaning "at or about the great hill"

Minnesota: from Dakota word meaning "sky tinted water"

Manhattan: from Algonquian word meaning "isolated thing in water"

Milwaukee: from Algonquian word meaning "good spot or place"

Missouri: from Missouri word meaning "town of large canoes"

Nebraska: from Oto word meaning "flat water"

North / South Dakota: from Sioux word meaning "allies"

Ohio: from Algonquian word meaning "great river"

Oklahoma: from two Choctaw words meaning "red people"

Saratoga: from Mohawk word meaning "springs of water from the hillside"

Tahoe: from Washo word meaning "big water"

Utah: from Ute word meaning "people of the mountains"

Wyoming: from Delaware word meaning "mountains and valleys alternating"

Of course, there are many other examples. So next time you look at a name of a city, town, village, state, lake, mountain or region, it just might have come from a Native American word.

Hillforest Mansion – Aurora Indiana

Sitting on 10 acres of land high on a hill overlooking the Ohio River, Hillforest Mansion strikes an impressive scene. Just as impressive is it’s colorful past. Listed on The National Register of Historic Places, in 1992 it was bestowed the honor of being designated a National Historic Landmark thus placing it on the same level of prominence as Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello.

Designed in 1853 by Isaiah Rogers, an architect known as the “father of the modern hotel”, it was designed for Thomas Gaff and his family who occupied it from 1855 until 1891.

Shipping and riverboats were significant elements of the Gaff business enterprises and are reflected in the architecture of the home.

Although based on the Italian Renaissance architectural style, the two-story home’s design reflected Gaff’s involvement in the shipping industry with its full-width front porch being reminiscent of a steamboat’s deck. Among it’s many features include Ventian Glass Windows,elaborate plaster mouldings, a museum room, and an underground wine cellar.

The suspended staircase was patterned after those at the ends of the Grand Salon on the more elaborate riverboats of the time.Reportedly, the Gaff children once rode a pony up these stairs and out the rear door.

Thomas Gaff was born in Scotland in July of 1808. After coming to the United States, he learned paper making and the distillery business. Along with his brother James they became involved in many other businesses,including a jewelry store, A Nevada silver mine, farming, turnpike and canal construction, machine works, and a mill in Columbus Indiana which produced the world’s first ready made cereal.

Needing to transport their brewery and distillery products, they also owned a fleet of steamboats. During the Civil War they supplied the Union Army the steamboats, whence one of them the Forest Queen became the headquarters for Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman and successfully rammed the Vicksburg blockade.

In their spare time, the brothers were involved in many civic affairs, helped organize the local school system , established the First National Bank of Aurora and served on the city council.

Today Hillforest is a non-profit museum and is open to the public.

Pick 3 Lottery and Pick 4 Lottery Traveling Numbers Can Make Players Winners

There are millions of Pick 3 and Pick 4 Lottery players in the United States and Canada. They play these two lottery games because they can win with them. The Pick 3 Lottery has odds of 1,000 to 1 to capture a Straight Win. The Pick 4 Lottery with that added digit has odds of 10,000 to 1.

Compared to the highly advertised Mega Millions, Powerball, and State Lotteries with their very enticing multimillion dollar jackpots and odds ranging from 125 million to 1 to 195 million to 1 that very few people can win without some major help from Lady Luck, Pick 3 and Pick 4 lotteries are the choice of all these smart lottery players.

Their relatively small comparative jackpots of $ 500 for the Pick 3 Lottery and $ 5000 for the Pick 4 Lottery with the same $ 1 investment can keep players playing and having fun at the same time. These millions of lottery players play their chosen numbers each day, and then go off to their daily routines of work, family responsibilities, and leisure time activities before retiring for their nightly slumber.

The following morning they begin their day by openning up the USA Today or local newspaper in hopes of starting their day reading that their chosen Pick 3 or Pick 4 numbers made them a winner overnight. There is a certain thrill when a lottery player begins his / her day proclaiming one's self to all the world as "a winner".

This is not to overlook the fact they are slightly richer than the day before by $ 500 or $ 5000 with a Straight Win respectively. Even a smaller Box Win ranging from $ 40 to $ 600 can provide the same kind of thrill. A winner is a winner is a winner. And it is always fun deciding what to do with this new extra free money when the players cash their winning tickets.

But as players run their fingers down the list of winning Pick 3 and Pick 4 results from the different State and Provincial Lotteries in the USA Today newspaper or their local newspaper, they make an amazing discovery about some of these winning lottery numbers.

Both the Pick 3 and Pick 4 Lotteries have drawn the same three or four digits. They may not be in the same order, but sometimes they are. Sometimes they appear on the same day and sometimes they appear the next day or even a few days later.

On May 1, 2011 Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont Pick 3 lotteries drew 353 in the Tri-State midday drawing. On the following day the midday drawing in the New Jersey Pick 3 drew the same Pick 3 number, 353. May 2, 2011 also recorded the Tennessee Cash 3 midday drawing of 353. Later that day, in the evening drawing of the California Daily 3 on May 2, 2011 335 was the winning Pick 3 number.

The 274 began as back to back winners repeating itself in both the midday and evening drawings on May 10, 2011 in the South Carolina Pick 3 Lottery. On May 12, 2011 Virginia Pick 3 drew 742. Minnesota Pick 3, in their evening drawing that same day drew 247. In the single draw States with only evening drawings, the next day, May 13, 2011 Washington State Daily Game Lottery drew 274 , and on May 14, 2011 the Kansas Pick 3 Lottery drew 472.

These are known as "traveling numbers". Some Pick 3 and Pick 4 players are not aware of their existence. Some players had seen these occurrences, but didn't know what to make of them or what to call it. Pick 3 and / or Pick 4 numbers that contain the same digits and are drawn and redrawn in different State or Provincial Lotteries over a short period of time are known as "traveling numbers".

Pick 4 players find similar occurrences as they looked for their winning numbers. On May 8, 2011 the Michigan Daily 4 evening number was 8269. The next day on May 9, 2011 the Indiana Daily 4 midday drawn number was 8926. These Pick 4 digits put their traveling shoes on again, and on May 12, 2011 in the evening drawing arrived in the Maryland Pick 4 Lottery as 2869. The next day, May 13, 2011 these four digits appeared in the New Jersey Pick 4 midday drawing as 8629 before returning to the Michigan Daily 4 that same evening as 9286.

The involved Pick 4 number, 3968, started its travels on May 10, 2011 in the Michigan Daily 4 in the evening drawing. On May 12, 2011 in the Ohio Pick 4 Lottery midday drawing it appeared as 8963. On May 15, 2011 in the midday drawing in the Virginia Pick 4 it was drawn as 8639. Later that same evening in the Delaware Play 4 it came in as 3986.

Just as players see above, these traveling numbers like to visit listed States. In the Illinois and Iowa Pick 4 evening drawing on May 8, 2011 the 2798 was drawn. In the very next evening drawing on May 9, 2011 the Missouri Pick 4 Lottery drew the SAME PICK 4 NUMBER, 2798, in the EXACT SAME ORDER.

Pick 3 and Pick 4 traveling numbers can make lottery players winners when they know of their existence and their possible visit, especially from nations States or Provinces. Using a proven Pick 3 and / or Pick 4 Lottery System that helps players to discover the possibility that these three or four digits could repeat, improves their chances of winning tremendously.

Incredible Amusements Parks in the USA That Aren't Disneyland or Six Flags

Over the past few years, amusement parks in the United States of America have become synonymous with Disneyland or Six Flags. But anyone who has ever been to any other amusement park in the country will tell you that this is not the case. Fun time with family at a theme park is not limited to merely the two amusement park chains and there are myriad other such sites where one can have a whale of a time. So, without wasting any more minute, let us get straight to the best of the amusement parks in the country where you and your entire family can have truckloads of fun.

Worlds of Fun – The ultimate family fun destination

If there weren't already enough reasons to book a flight to Kansas City, now you get one more with the truly remarkable and exciting Worlds of Fun. There's so much to do here that one visit will seem insufficient and you will be persuaded to come back again. Fun rides, entertaining shows, water slides, this place has it all. Just get on a cheap flight to Kansas City and brace yourself for tons of fun.

Cedar Point – The kingdom of roller coasters

Cedar Point in Ohio takes immense pride in calling itself "The Roller Coaster Capital of the World" and this might very well be true. The park is home to 18 state-of-the-art roller coasters that will take the adrenaline levels through the roof. And that's excluding other adventurous rides that you can enjoy with the entire family. 2018, also marks as the year Cedar Point launched its much-awaited Steel Vengeance roller coaster, the world's first hyper-hybrid coaster.

Hersheypark – A park that will make you drool

Hersheypark was founded to offer moments of fun and leisure to the employees of Hershey's Chocolate Factory but that soon changed and today the site welcomes fun seekers from near and far. While its 14 roller coasters are designed to offer fun of varying levels, the concerts that are organized here during the summer months will keep you on your feet. So, are you ready for some sweet-sweet memories? Do remember to check the park dates before you book your tickets.

Universal Studios Hollywood – A blockbuster of a destination

No one can deny the fact that Universal Studios Hollywood is one of the biggest reasons for people to book flights to Los Angeles. That great is its charm. While here, you can enjoy numerous rides themed on the biggest Hollywood flicks such as the Flight of the Hippogriff, Transformers: The Ride-3D, Revenge of the Mummy – The Ride and many more. And if you want a truly unsurpassed experience and wish to visit the sound stages where TV shows and films are shot, then book yourself a VIP ticket.

Busch Gardens Williamsburg – An idyllic summertime escape

Touted as the "World's Most Beautiful Theme Park," Busch Gardens Williamsburg is not just a place to have a ball with your loved ones, but also a sight to behold. This European themed park gives a sneak peek in to Germany's Oktoberfest, Europe's aesthetic villages, streets of Paris and Scottish hamlets. It's jam-packed with incredible experiences that will keep you asking for more.

So, have you booked those cheap domestic flights to one of the aforementioned destinations already?

Who is the Outdoor Guy?

I am The Outdoor Guy. I didn't win a contest to get this name or lobby for the right to own it. I assumed the title. I doubt anyone will ever be able to take it away from me. No matter what happens, I will always be The Outdoor Guy – in my own mind. However, it is possible others won't agree with me on this topic. Let me explain why I am convinced I am The Outdoor Guy.

My childhood of scouting, bike riding, hanging around the cemetery at night and playing baseball equipped me with complete comfort whenever I was outside. As a youngster, I was always outdoors, always sun-burnt and for some reason my night vision was creepy good. I was more comfortable camping, fishing and star gazing than I was watching television or playing around the neighborhood. I remember showing my friends how to use a telescope when I was only twelve years old. For the first time, we all saw the moons of Jupiter. As time passed, I drifted away from those who spent their time going to movies and shopping. I was at home in the woods and spent countless hours walking alongside the creeks, lakes and rivers. There was a time in my teens when I swear the mosquitoes left me alone. Looking back I doubt it, but I recall a three year period when I didn't get a single insect bite – pretty impressive in Ohio.

I entered the United State Marine Corps and found myself at home on military excursions and cruises. I remember how I guarded trucks on the top deck of a ship in the North Sea – how crazy is that – and how I nearly wept when I first saw the Northern Lights. I volunteered for as much outdoor duty as I could. Everyone thought I was strange, but I thought being indoors was even stranger.

Life passed and I found myself making up excuses to be anywhere off of the pavement. I became a hunter, I picked up geocaching and I found that I couldn't hike enough. I really, really, really liked being outdoors. I've found outdoor companions in my wife and our two Labrador retrievers. We all feed off each other's zest for fresh air. I even started my own outdoor business. While it is product sales that pay the bills, it's helping others find their own outdoor passion that provides me with the real rewards. I don't know everything about outdoor recreation, but I know enough to thoroughly enjoy every minute doing it and I can't wait to share it with others.

A person with the moniker of The Outdoor Guy should be someone who inspires others to wonder about their own outdoor life and someone who nudges them to pursue it. Welcome to my world.

Use this information and you'll get It Right The First Time. Get Outdoors!

Learn Ninjjutsu – How to Get the Ninjutsu Training You Want When You Don't Live Close to a School

Are you looking for training in authentic, Japanese Ninja training? Do you want to find a legitimate teacher under whom you can learn Ninjutsu?

This article discusses what to do if you can't find ninjutsu training where you live. After your read every word of this lesson, you will be better armed to find what you are looking for, and be able to take the necessary steps to take your training to the next level.

One of the most common questions that I get from students who contact me from around the world is, "Do you have any schools or training groups in my area? ' Or, "I don't have any Ninjutsu teachers or dojo near me, what can I do?"

Believe me, I know how frustrating it can be to want to study this art, but not be able to find a legitimate teacher nearby. When I first started training in the ninja's martial arts, it was 1980, and I could count on 3 fingers how many teachers were available in the entire United States!

To make matters worse, I was graduating from high school and going off to the Army!

Even today, with the art being as well-known as it is, it is still very difficult for many to find this training within a comfortable distance from their home. Unlike Tae kwon do, and many of the more conventional martial arts, there isn't a Ninjutsu dojo or training group in virtually every town.

When I began training in the art, I had 2 choices …

Move to Dayton, Ohio, or Atlanta, Georgia, or …

Travel for seminars and special training events.

And, as I said, since I was entering military service, moving was not an option.

Today, it's a bit easier to find the training than that. And, for those who have a Ninjutsu club, dojo, or teacher near to where you live – you should consider yourselves very lucky!

But, what if you can't move to where I am, or near another training group? There are still several options available to get this training, including:

1) Travel in to see a teacher for private lessons. Although, admittedly the most expensive option, this allows you to get the training based on your schedule. But, if you have the means and the financial ability, this may be the best option for you.

2) Travel for seminars or Ninja Camps. Many groups, like my own dojo, host many training events throughout the year for students who want, or need, to travel in for special training. Of course, seminar training also allows the student who is already training to get more specialized lessons, as well as train with other instructors to get a broader perspective on the art.

3) Home study programs and materials. While it is extremely difficult to learn ninjutsu through books and videos, this may be the best option for the student with limited funds, and no means of traveling to get training elsewhere. Of course, it is possible to learn many of the physical techniques through these media, but this form of training is lacking in 2 very important areas – student accountability (no one to make sure that you are actually training and practicing), and direct feedback from a teacher.

4) Online ninjutsu training programs. With the advances in internet technology, there is now a way to get the pieces lacking from the typical "home study program." A select few instructors now have actual online ninja training programs which combine the use of books, videos, and audio lessons, with webinars (web-based seminars), video-based skill reviews, and teleconferencing, to get you the information and training you need. Some, like my long distance student program, also include lessons for setting up and running your own training group, and how to teach the new students and training partners that you get.

My suggestion is that you should combine several of these training methods, based on what you can afford in the way of time, money, and scheduling. Doing so, will fill in the gaps that each inherently has. So, where traveling for seminars and camps will give you lots of material to work on over time, an online ninja training course will give you access to a teacher on a regular – usually weekly basis to get the feedback you need to keep you on track .

Regardless of how limited your time and finances are, there are very few who cannot do something to get the training that they need. Remember, warriors are people of action and decision-making. Where others make excuses and find reasons "why not …"

The true Ninja overcomes any and all obstacles, and asks the question, "How can I get this done?"

Pick 4 Lottery Strategy System Picks the Right Pick 4 Strategies to Win

A good Pick 4 Lottery System has more than just one Strategy; it has a number of Pick 4 Strategies to offer the lottery players multiple ways to find the next winning number.

These multiple Pick 4 Strategies open the door for the players to take advantage of various number trends that can take place at any given time during this lottery game.

In March 2010 there seems to be an overabundance of Pick 4 Triples and Double-Doubles based on the low percentage for these types of Pick 4 numbers to be drawn over a period of time. These two groups of numbers represent just 6.3% of all 10,000 Pick 4 numbers. Their collective combinations total 135 of 715 combinations for all Pick 4 numbers. There were approximately 125 of these types of numbers drawn in the U.S. and Canadian Pick 4 Lotteries in March 2010.

Another Pick 4 lottery anomaly is the current amount — over twenty — of traveling numbers that began in March 2010 and is carrying over into April 2010. A traveling number is the same set of four digits that make up a winning Pick 4 number that is drawn two or more times over a short period of time in more than one State. The perfect definition of a traveling number includes that the same number being redrawn in the exact order. But the traveling Pick 4 Box form is quite acceptable for the purposes of winning free money.

Triples and double-doubles are the highest paying Pick 4 Box numbers. Triple numbers, such as 1112, pay $1200 for one single $1 investment. The dollar investment on the double-double number, such as 1122, returns $800.

The key to being a successful winning Pick 4 player is to have a multiple Lottery Strategy System. It provides the right Pick 4 Strategies which enable Pick 4 players to have strategies to create and play these ongoing number trends as they occur.

Combining strategies for playing triples and double-doubles with the traveling number strategy gives the player the right Pick 4 strategies to win some very nice payoffs. A perfect example of the double-double traveling number occurred with the combination draws of 8877 first in the Delaware Pick 4 Midday draw, March 22, 2010, and the April 4, 2010, Evening draw in the Kentucky Pick 4 Lottery. Players of this lottery game using both these strategies have put the 8877 on the watch list. The New York Win 4 lead the way with the evening drawing on March 30, 2010, of 0660 and followed up with this same number being drawn in the evening draw in the West Virginia Pick 4 Lottery.

The Indiana Hoosier Lottery Daily 4 began this imperfect trip, but nevertheless a profitable one for the New York Win 4 players when the third box form of 5757 was drawn in the midday draw on March 31, 2010. The Indiana Daily 4 first drew 7755 on March 18, 2010, midday draw. Traveling east to the Ohio Pick 4 Lottery, the OH Pick 4 drew 7557 in the evening draw on March 22, 2010.

The Big Apple State continued to provide big winning slices of cash for their Big Apple Win 4 players when it drew the third box form of the triple 7111 on the evening of April 4, 2010.

Previously, again starting out in the Indiana Daily 4 on the evening of March 16, 2010, the first triple box form was drawn as 1171. Then, traveling southeast to the Georgia Cash 4 was 1711 which was drawn in the evening draw on March 30, 2010. Like the New Year’s Eve Times Square countdown it gave New Yorkers one more thing to celebrate, another pocketful of NY Win 4 Lottery Free Money.

In a rare return home Pick 4 traveling number, trend players keeping an eye open for these two strategies to converge once again, Oregonians in the Oregon Pick 4 Lottery were glad to welcome back the 0400 on March 18, 2010, in the 7pm drawing. It was first drawn here in the 1pm Pick 4 drawing on March 8, 2010. It then traveled to Florida and was drawn in the Florida Play 4 as 4000 on the evening of March 16, 2010 before boarding the flight home to the Oregon Pick 4.

To be a Pick 4 Winner you need a Pick 4 Lottery Strategy System with multiple Pick 4 strategies. It is the only way that Pick 4 players around the country and around the world have a real chance to win some big money. Systems that offer just one strategy to play or recommended to play just the single Pick 4 type numbers do not give you the same chance to win. Often times the reality is that the one strategy or the recommended “Pick 4 Single Number Pick 4 Systems” create “automatic losers” for both the numbers and the players.

All Pick 4 players need to keep their eyes open for these traveling numbers in all forms, 0660, 7755, 1711, and 0400, that could travel to the remaining Pick 4 U.S. Lotteries, the Caribbean Pick 4 Lottery, Ontario Pick 4 and La Quotidienne 4, the two Canadian Lottery Pick 4 Games. One or more of the other strategies in the Pick 4 System may just predict the arrival of one of these traveling numbers to your local favorite Daily 4 Lottery game.